What is the role of mycorrhizal fungi in crop production?
This symbiotic relationship between fungi and the plant’s roots allow plants to take in more nutrients and water from the soil. Both the plant and fungus benefit from this relationship and neither face any ill effects from this exchange. The mycorrhizal fungi are reimbursed with carbon from the plant, this is a byproduct of photosynthesis, which the fungus is unable to fix on its own. These carbohydrates in the form of lipids in sugar help the fungi grow and reproduce. The mycorrhizal hyphae in turn, extend the root system, greatly enhancing the root’s access to nutrients and water. Storing these essentials for needed moments helps keep crops on a smooth trajectory toward the finish line!
When should I apply mycorrhizae?
Most crop systems benefit greatly from these natural relationships, which to a great degree also help protect plants from drought and other stressors. The critical time to apply mycorrhizal inoculants is as early in the crop cycle as possible. Field growers may water in transplants with soluble powders, other growers will prefer to add to the planting hole at time of transplant. If you have never used mycorrhizae before - this could be a great season to see for yourself, the difference they can make!
Apply during transplant with Big Foot Gold and Big Foot Granular. If you are looking to apply mycorrhizae to existing potted plants or gardens, Big Foot Concentrate and Big Foot Gold can both be mixed with water and applied as a solution.
Mykos Gold Granular can be used in seed beds, under cuttings, blended into potting media or sprinkle onto roots at the time of transplant. This allows for flexibility after a crop is planted. It can be sprayed onto bare roots, used as a root dip, drenched into porous soils, hydromulched, or blended into potting media.
Mykos Wettable Powder can be applied as a solution to established gardens.
What is the shelf life of mycorrhizae?
The shelf life of Big Goot Mycorrhizae has been shown to still be viable after 5 years of correct storage.
Here at Sound Horticulture, we keep fresh stock of mycorrhizae and store it responsibly in cool dark storage to ensure viability.
How does mycorrhizae affect the soil?
-Resistance to compaction
-Resistance to erosion (water/wind)
-Better root development
-Higher microbial activity and nutrient cycling
What are the different mycorrhizae products that are offered by Sound Horticulture?
Big Foot Brand
Big Foot Gold Mycorrhizae + Beneficial bacteria
Endomycorrhizae 400 propagules/gram:
- G. aggegatum/etunicatum/intraradices/mosseae: 100 propagules/gram of each
Beneficial Bacteria - 950 million CFU/gram
- Bacillus subtilis 350 million cfu/gram, B. megaterium 200 million cfu/gram, B. licheniformis 200 million cfu/gram, B. simplex 200 cfu/gram
Big Foot Granular (for transplant, must make direct contact with roots)
Endomycorrhizae 66 propagules/gram
- G. intraradices
- Soil amendments
- Worm castings
- Softwood biochar
- Humic Acid
Big Foot Concentrate (for water in)
Endomycorrhizae 80 propagules/gram
- G. aggregatum 20 propagules/gram
- G. etunicatum 20 propagules/gram
- G. intraradices 20 propagules/gram
- G. mosseae 20 propagules/gram
Big Foot Root Boost (Azospirillum - nitrogen fixing bacteria)
We are happy to share samples of each of these products if you would like to try them out.
- Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF): Rhizophagus intraradices 300 propagules/gram
- Call to discuss shipping method and deals on bulk orders
Mykos Gold Granular is most often used as a biostimulant, incorporated into the soil medium or planting hole, at the earliest stage of growth. The mycorrhizae are then able to grow with the plants’ roots, greatly expanding the root network. Use in seed beds, under cuttings, blended into potting media or sprinkle onto roots at the time of transplant. The goal is to create physical contact between the inoculant and growing roots. The granular product is specially formulated to provide maximum benefits to agricultural and horticultural crops.
Mykos Wettable Powder has a higher spore concentration and is convenient to mix with water and inoculate young plants. This allows for flexibility after a crop is planted. It can be sprayed onto bare roots, used a root dip, drenched into porous soils, hydromulched, or blended into potting media. Use higher rates for propagation or high-stress circumstances. The goal is to create physical contact between the inoculant and growing roots. Mykos Gold WP provides significant biological benefits, helps conserve natural resources, and creates an environmental balance between soil, plants, and beneficial microbes.
Figure 1. P uptake of the plant via the plant pathway or mycorrhizal pathway. Abbreviations: Extraradical mycelium of the fungus (ERM), vesicles (V) and spores (S) of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus.